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District and School Performance Frameworks
Update on Accountability for 2022-2023:
State accountability. State accountability in 2022 is currently being shaped through state legislation and State Board of Education rules process.
Accountability Statute for 2022. The “Transition Back to Standard K-12 Accountability” bill (SB 22-137) was introduced in the Senate on February 16, 2022 and was signed by the Governor on April 13, 2022. The legislation requires the department to calculate frameworks in 2022-23, but suspends automatic advancement on the accountability clock. The percentage of students contributing to the growth indicator is added to the framework for informational purposes. The request to reconsider process will be offered and can be used to exit performance watch (i.e., move to “on watch,” exit the clock fully) if meeting certain conditions (e.g., Improvement plan type or higher, 90% total participation on state assessments).
Public Comment on Noticed State Board Rules for Request to Reconsider. State Board of Education rules were noticed during the April 13th board meeting. A summary with more details can be found here. Draft rule language is available at the CDE website here (clean version) and here (version with changes redlined). Note that the state board added a 90% total participation threshold for any school or district to be eligible to participate in the request to reconsider process.
To offer feedback on these rules during the public comment period, before rules are adopted in June, please use this form. The deadline for submitting comments is May 23, 2022. Public comments will be included in the department’s presentation to the state board in June.
Federal accountability. The U.S. Department of Education (ED) has invited State Educational Agencies (SEAs) to submit an addendum to modify their approved ESEA consolidated State plans for the 2021-2022 school year, in order to identify schools for support and improvement in fall 2022. The proposed changes and feedback on these changes can be accessed here.
Link to common questions for accountability this year
Link to announcements regarding school and district accountability
Each year, Colorado schools and districts receive performance ratings to let them and their communities know how well they are doing. These reports are called the District Performance Frameworks (DPFs) and School Performance Frameworks (SPFs). The overall ratings assigned are based on achievement and growth on state assessments, along with such postsecondary measures as graduation rates, drop-out rates, college entrance exams and college matriculation rates. The ratings help the Colorado Department of Education (CDE) and State Board of Education (SBE) make decisions about how to help struggling schools.
New (December 2021): Memo to the State Board of Education and supporting presentation. These documents summarize studies that CDE has been doing on the impact of missing data in running 2022 performance frameworks.
View your school or district's Performance Snapshot!
This new report presents a high-level summary of the performance and improvement efforts for each individual school and district across the state. Alongside a summary of student demographic information, this report combines key elements of the District or School Performance Framework results and Unified Improvement Plans and makes both easier to access. The additional contextual information in this report is designed to enable a deeper understanding of performance and greater engagement in improvement planning efforts. Be sure to check out all the information icons and share with friends!
How is performance measured?
CDE assesses performance based on three key performance indicators.
How are the frameworks calculated?
Schools and districts earn points based on various sub-indicator metrics within each of the above three performance indicators. On each of these metrics, schools and districts earn one of the following ratings and earn points accordingly:
Points are aggregated at the performance indicator level. After applying the performance indicator weightings, shown in the pie charts above, overall school and district ratings are assigned based on the total percentage of points earned.
What overall ratings are assigned?
Schools are assigned one of four plan types and districts are assigned one of five accreditation ratings. Insufficient state data is assigned if there is not enough outcome data to assign a rating.
What do these ratings mean?
Performance Plan - Schools with a Performance Plan are meeting expectations on the majority of performance metrics.
Improvement Plan - These schools are identified as lower performing. They may be meeting expectations on some performance metrics, but they are not meeting or are only approaching expectations on many.
Priority Improvement Plan - These schools are identified as low performing. They are not meeting or are only approaching expectations on most performance metrics. The state will provide support and oversight to these schools until they improve.
Turnaround Plan - These schools are identified as among the lowest performing schools in the state. They are not meeting or are only approaching expectations on most performance metrics. The state will provide support and oversight to these schools until they improve.
District Accreditation Ratings
Accredited with Distinction - This is assigned to the highest performing districts. These districts are meeting or exceeding expectations on the majority of performance tasks.
Accredited - Districts with an overall rating of Accredited are meeting expectations on the majority of performance metrics.
Accredited with Improvement Plan - These districts are identified as lower performing. They may be meeting expectations on some performance metrics, but they are not meeting or are only approaching expectations on many.
Accredited with Priority Improvement Plan - These districts are identified as low performing. They are not meeting or are only approaching expectations on most performance metrics. The state will provide support and oversight to these districts until they improve.
Accredited with Turnaround Plan - These districts are identified as among the lowest performing districts in the state. They are not meeting or are only approaching expectations on most performance metrics. The state will provide support and oversight to these districts until they improve.
How many schools and districts earn each of these ratings?
The general distribution of schools and districts is pictured below and remains fairly consistent each year, in accordance with the framework calculation methodology.
When are the frameworks released?
Preliminary SPFs and DPFs are released annually in September. Following the optional Request to Reconsider process and subsequent approval by the State Board of Education, final DPF reports are released in November and final SPF reports are released in December.
2019 Performance Framework: Changes Document_(PDF) - July 2019
This fact sheet summarizes changes to the framework reports from the prior year.
- A Look Back: History of Performance Frameworks in Colorado (PDF) - June 19, 2019
The purpose of this resource is to provide educational stakeholders in the state with a large-scale view of the factors that have impacted the performance frameworks since their origin, in order to support decision making about future changes.
- Performance Indicator Summary Fact Sheet (PDF) - May 15, 2019
This document summarizes the metrics that comprise Colorado's state accountability system as reflected in the school and district performance framework reports.
- Colorado Educational Accountability Overview (Recording) - August 30, 2019
This webinar includes an overview of the accountability system, performance frameworks, framework changes from the prior year, and accountability timelines.
- Annotated School Performance Framework (PDF) - August 2019
This document adds call-out comment boxes to a sample school framework explaining each component.
- Annotated District Performance Framework (PDF) - August 2019
This document adds call-out comment boxes to a sample district framework explaining each component.
- Annotated Growth Visualization Tool Resource (PDF) - Forthcoming
- This document explains the features of the new growth visualization tool graphs that are available to districts via Tableau Reader.
- 2019 District and School Performance Framework: Calculation Guidebook (PDF) - August 3rd, 2020
The purpose of this document is to provide clarity and transparency in all calculation steps required for determining both District Performance Framework (DPF) and School Performance Framework (SPF) results.
- Framework Participation Rate Calculations: Fact Sheet (PDF) - August 28, 2018
This fact sheet explains how school and district total participation rates and accountability participation rates are calculated, including inclusion and exclusion rules for student records.
- 2018 Performance Indicator Summary (PDF) - May 14, 2019
The purpose of this resource is to summarize the metrics that comprise Colorado's state accountability system as reflected in the school and district performance framework reports. A summary table is provided that defines the metrics that are included within each of the three performance indicators (growth, achievement, and postsecondary and workforce readiness).
- Scoring Guide for 2019 District/School Performance Frameworks (PDF) - August 14, 2019
This guide provides the cut-scores and associated point values for school and district performance on each of the sub-indicator metrics included on the frameworks (e.g., exceeds expectations, meets expectations, approaching expectations, does not meet expectations), as well as the cut-points for assigning performance indicator ratings and overall ratings based on the total percentage of points earned.
Click here to view archive of prior year resources.
For additional reports on performance data, view our State Accountability Data Tools and Reports page.
For information on AEC framework reports, view our Alternate Education Campus Accountability page.
For information about the implications of consistently low performance on the district and school framework reports and new Performance Watch information, view our Accountability Clock page.
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