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A. Program Type Definitions

Adult Education & Literacy 

Academic instruction below the postsecondary level that increases individual’s ability to…

  • Read, write, and speak in English and perform mathematics or other activities necessary to attain a high school diploma or equivalent; 
  • Transition to postsecondary education and training; AND 
  • Obtain employment 

Increases individual’s ability to…

  • read, write, and speak in English, compute, and solve problems, at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job, in the family of the individual and in society. 

This program type is further divided into: 

  1. Adult Basic Education (ABE) for NRS ABE Educational Functioning Levels 1-4
  2. Adult Secondary Education (ASE) for NRS ABE Educational Functioning Levels 5-6 

Family Literacy

Integrates all the following activities: 

  • Parent or family adult education and literacy activities that lead to readiness for postsecondary education or training, career advancement and economic self-sufficiency;
  • Interactive literacy activities between parents or family members and their children;
  • Training for parents or family members on how to be the primary teacher for their children and full partners in the education of their children; AND
  • An age appropriate education to prepare children for success in school and life experiences.

English Language Acquisition 

Program is designed to: 

  • Help English language learners achieve competence in reading, writing, speaking and comprehension 

and leads to…

  • Attainment of a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent, AND
  • Transition to postsecondary education and training or employment 

Note: An English Language Acquisition program should not discourage or exclude eligible individuals from participation regardless of whether they are seeking a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent, or transition to postsecondary education or training or employment.

Ideas for meeting requirements:

  • Implement College and Career Readiness Standards 
    • evidenced by use of curriculum, lesson plans, or instructional materials aligned with CCRS.
  • Offer education and career counseling services
    • assist eligible individuals to transition to postsecondary education, training or employment
    • Be part of a career pathway

Work-based Learning Programs

Learning opportunities that occur in part or in whole in the workplace and provide the learner with hands-on, real world experience. Work-based learning opportunities include but are not limited to: internships, apprenticeships, and residencies and incumbent worker training.

Workplace Adult Education and Literacy 

Adult education and family literacy activities that are...

  • Offered in collaboration with an employer or employee organization at a workplace or off-site location, AND
  • Are designed to improve the productivity of the workforce. 

Integrated English Literacy and Civics Education (IELCE) 


  • English language acquisition and literacy services:
    • English language learners achieve competence in reading, writing, speaking and comprehension.
    • This also includes the ability to compute and solve problems; AND
  • Civics education:
    • Instruction on the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and civic preparation. 

May Include: 

  • Workforce training 

If offered with IELCE funds (sec 243), then it must be provided in combination with IET and should be designed to…

  • Prepare and place English language learners in unsubsidized employment in in-demand industries and occupations that lead to economic self-sufficiency 
  • Integrate with the workforce development system to carry out the program 

Integrated Education and Training (IET)

Adult education activity provided concurrently and contextually with: 

  • Workforce preparation: individual acquires critical thinking, digital literacy, and self-management skills. Gains competency in utilizing information, working with others, and understanding systems; AND
  • Workforce training in a specific occupation or occupational cluster 

…for the purpose of educational and career advancement.

Not all programs have to offer IET. The following are not IET, but are still allowable under WIOA:

  • Bridge program
  • Contextualized lessons alone
  • Employability skills infused in curriculum
  • Career exploration 

You can but you don’t have to

  • Co-enroll participants with a partner in the local or regional workforce development area who does provide IET or a component of it.
  • Create IET at your program. 

Correctional Education Program

A program of ABE, ASE, or ELA instruction for adult criminal offenders in correctional institutions such as:

  • Correctional Facilities—Any prison, jail reformatory, work farm, detention center, or any other Federal, State, or local institution designed for the confinement or rehabilitation of criminal offenders.
  • Community Corrections Programs—A community-based rehabilitation facility or halfway house. 

Other Institutional Program 

Any other medical or special institution